When Carolina One Real Estate’s nine-year franchise contract with Prudential Real Estate expired in 2008, the brokerage wanted to eliminate franchise fees and operate with more flexibility, but didn’t want to give up its national presence.
So the Charleston, South Carolina-based firm turned to a global independent brokerage network, Leading Real Estate Companies of the World (LeadingRE), to maintain a footprint outside of its local market.
Joining LeadingRE helped the 800-agent brokerage establish itself as an independent brand after leaving the franchise world, said Carolina One President Michael Scarafile, by combining access to a multinational network with the autonomy of an independent brokerage.
Brokerage networks like LeadingRE and competitor Leverage Global Partners are helping stoke the indie broker boom by providing a middle ground between isolated independent on the one hand, and the expense and restrictions that come with affiliating with a big franchise brand on the other.
The networks provide some of the perks provided by franchisors like Century 21 Real Estate, Re/Max and Keller Williams Realty, including referrals, the international reach, and training — without the hefty fees and bureaucracy that can come with franchising.
|No. of member firms (countries)
Sources: LeadingRE and Leverage Global Partners
While brokerage networks serve a relatively small number of companies. Approximately 70 percent of indie brokers who participated in a recent Inman survey said their firms did not belong to a referral network.
But LeadingRE and Leverage Global Partners are growing.
LeadingRE has been around for close to 20 years and currently has 535 members around the world, 435 of which are in the U.S. LeadingRE CEO Pam O’Connor says membership has grown by approximately 30 firms per year for the last several years.
By agent count, LeadingRE’s network now rivals the nation’s largest franchisor, Keller Williams Realty, in size. Collectively, LeadingRE’s U.S. members employ more than 100,000 real estate agents.
Leverage, founded in 2012 by Los Angeles-based brokerage Partners Trust, has grown to 142 members in just over two years.
LeadingRE and Leverage restrict membership to independent brokerages, and firms can’t be members of both. Brokers pay a yearly fee that can stretch into the mid five figures in larger markets.
While giving them the opportunity to enjoy the clout and referral opportunities that a global brand provides, brokerage networks also help members react swiftly to changing market conditions and call their own shots.
By helping members compete with other independents and franchise affiliates, the networks — LeadingRE in particular — have become a major force in the industry.
According to statistics compiled by Real Trends, LeadingRE’s members handle more sales than brokerages affiliated with franchisors that O’Connor views as competitors.
|2013 transaction volume (% of total)
|$196 billion (25.5%)
|Coldwell Banker Real Estate
|$165 billion (21.5%)
|Keller Williams Realty
|$90 billion (11.8%)
|$76 billion (10.0%)
|Independent firms not with a network
|$66 billion (8.7%)
Source: Real Trends
Some of the largest brokerages in the U.S. are LeadingRE members, including Alain Pinel Realtors, Long & Foster Real Estate, Howard Hanna Real Estate, Crye-Leike Realtors and Allen Tate Real Estate.
How they’re different
LeadingRE and Leverage provide similar services to members, but differ in important ways.
LeadingRE targets larger firms, typically market leaders, and will provide services nonexclusively to a handful members in the same market. LeadignRE members also have the opportunity to join its luxury division, Luxury Portfolio International.
Leverage, on the other hand, restricts membership primarily to growing small- to medium-sized brokerages, and provides its services on an exclusive basis to just one firm per market.
While referrals are big part of their attraction, brokerage networks also provide access to training and a vetted group of peers.
Less than half of LeadingRE’s revenue comes from referrals, O’Connor said. Leverage charges a flat membership fee that gives brokerages access to its referral network — they don’t pay additional fees for the referrals they receive, President Ron Smith said.
After launching as a relocation firm for independent brokerages in 1997, Leading Real Estate Companies of the World rebranded as LeadingRE in 2005 when it shifted to its current model.
Referrals still make up the largest chunk of the firm’s revenue, O’Connor told Inman. For deals it helps facilitate, the firm takes two-thirds of the referring broker or agent’s referral fee.
While referral fees remain an important income stream for LeadingRE, other services make up a growing percentage of its revenue, O’Connor said. In 2005, referral fees accounted for 80 percent of the firm’s revenue. Now, they account for just 45 percent, O’Connor said.
The balance of the network’s revenue comes from membership fees in LeadingRE and Luxury Portfolio (40 percent) and various a la carte services that include training, business development consulting and a website rating service (15 percent), O’Connor said.
LeadingRE annual membership fees range from about $3,000 in smaller markets to $40,000 in larger markets, O’Connor said. Approximately 200 LeadingRE firms also pay from $7,000 to $50,000 for an annual membership in Luxury Portfolio, she said.
LeadingRE’s training division includes four full-time “faculty” members, O’Connor said. The firm offers training services to its members for an extra fee.
LeadingRE, for example, powers “Hanna University,” a white-labeled training platform for one of the largest brokerages in the U.S., Howard Hanna Real Estate Services.
It also offers members various services on the tech front.
LeadingRE recently introduced an agent ratings and review platform, powered by TestimonialTree, that allow members to place agent ratings and reviews on their websites and agent profile pages. (See the reviews on the profile page of Michael Saunders & Co. agent Carol Stewart.)
Allowing members to choose the services and tools they want to pay for is one way LeadingRE differs from franchisors, O’Connor said.
Highlighting its connection to LeadingRE’s global network allowed Carolina One to tout its national and international presence to clients, Scarafile said.
LeadingRE’s international network helped Carolina One convince its prospective clients that it was not just a provincial brand, but connected to a network that could market local listings across the world, he said.
“Membership helped set us apart from others in the market,” Scarafile said.
As a member of Luxury Portfolio, Carolina One has also increased its share of its local luxury market, he said.
LeadingRE has not only helped Caroline One be more profitable, but allowed it to invest more in its own brand, Scarafile said.
What it used to spend on franchise fees, Carolina One now pours into local advertising and marketing, he said.
Inside Leverage Global Partners
Partners Trust, which now has seven offices and 190 agents, founded the Leverage Global Partners network to show clients that it had access to a broader network of buyers and business insights than just its local market.
“You’re in a silo as an independent brokerage,” said Leverage’s president and co-founder, Ron Smith.
LeadingRE already had three Los Angeles members and was not accepting more, Smith said. So the firm’s four principal brokers decided to spearhead a new network, and Leverage was born.
The network targets firms with an eye on growth, Smith said. Member firms range in size from 10 agents to 640 agents.
Members won’t be much bigger, Smith said, because the network wants firms to be small enough to remain engaged and for each to face similar challenges regarding growth.
The firm is big on helping its member firms learn from each other and share best practices.
“Our currency is intelligence,” Smith said.
Leverage keeps its network exclusive by market because it wants members to share best practices freely without worrying that they’re giving their secret sauce to the competition, Smith said.
The firm holds networking calls, dubbed “ThinkTank Thursday,” for members every other week, Smith said. Leverage brings in brokerage presidents and marketing managers to discuss their business for each session.
Leverage will also hold its first national convention this year.
Besides membership fees, Leverage also makes money on marketing packages it puts together for members in places like The Wall Street Journal and other places overseas, Smith said.
Todd Narlinger, broker-owner of Denver-based Madison & Company, signed his firm up for Leverage in November 2013.
Narlinger was a Re/Max agent for 13 years before he founded Madison & Co. in 2008.
Over the years he noticed that national and international exposure was missing as an independent. As he grew his firm, which now has 85 agents, that lack of broader exposure became a more glaring weakness.
Another reason for joining Leverage was access to referral business. Madison & Co. now averages between four and five referrals a month through the network, Narlinger said.
More than anything, however, access to the brains in the network helped his firm grow, Narlinger said. He speaks to at least one other broker member a month.
Narlinger likes that he can call vetted members in another market and pick their brains for ideas. One lesson he learned from the network that he’s incorporated into his business are accountability contracts for agents, which have helped him set expectations and provide guidance.
The idea came from Partners Trust, Narlinger said. The brokerage has its agents sign an “Excellence Statement” that Madison & Co. adapted. As a fellow member of the network, Partners Trust sent a copy of their agent contract right over, Narlinger said.
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